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Retrolental Fibroplasia: A Modern Parable – Bibliography

Retrolental Fibroplasia: A Modern Parable – Bibliography

Akeson N

1976: What is the current incidence of RLF? Pediatrics 58:627

Agerty HA and Seitchik JN

1952: Experimental use of methyl testosterone and testosterone in premature infants. Pediatrics 10:28-32

Alexander HE

1957: in Day RL and Silverman WA: Premature and newborn infants. Report of a seminar. Pediatrics 20:143-154

Allen FH and Diamond LK

1958: Erythroblastosis Fetalis. Little Brown, Boston Altman LK

1972: Auto-experimentation. An unappreciated tradition in medical science. New Engl J Med 286:346-352

Amberson JB et al.

1931: A clinical trial of sanocrysin in pulmonary tuberculosis. Am Rev Tuberculosis 24:401-435

American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Drugs

1977: Guidelines for the ethical conduct of studies to evaluate drugs in pediatric populations. Pediatrics 60:91-101

Andrews BF et al.

1965: Effects of hypertonic magnesium-sulfate enemas on newborn and young lambs. Lancet 2:64-65


1974: Management in Africa. Lancet 2:1301-1302 Annotation

1975: Postscript to thalidomide. Lancet 1:560 Aranda JV et al.

1975: Blood transfusion: Possible potentiating risk factor in retrolental fibroplasia. Pediat Res 9:362

Ashton N, Ward B and Serpell G

1953: Role of oxygen in the genesis of retrolental fibroplasia. A preliminary report. Brit J Ophth 37:513-520

1954: Effect of oxygen on developing retinal vessels with particular reference to the problem of retrolental fibroplasia. Brit J Ophth 38:397-432

Ashton N

1964: Personal communication cited in Tizard J P M: Indications for oxygen therapy in the newborn. Pediatrics 34:771-786

1966: Oxygen and growth and development of retinal vessels. Am J Ophth 62:412-435

Ashton N and Henkind P

1965: Experimental occlusion of retinal arterioles: Using graded glass ballotini. Brit J Ophth 49:225-234

Ashton N

1970: Retinal angiogenesis in the human embryo. Brit Med Bull 26:103-106

Avery ME and Oppenheimer EH

1960: Recent increase in mortality from hyaline membrane disease. J Pediatrics 57:553-559

Bakwin H

1923: Oxygen therapy in premature infants with anoxemia. Am J Dis Child 25:157-162

Balentine JD and Gutsche BB

1966: Central nervous system lesions in rats exposed to oxygen at high pressure. Am J Pathology 48:107-127

Ballantyne JW

1902: The problem of the premature infant. Lancet 1:1196-1200 Barber B et al.

1973: Research on Human Subjects. Problems of Social Control in Medical Experimentation. Russell Sage Foundation, New York Bartholome WG

1977: Proxy consent in the medical context: the infant as a person, in Appendix to Report and Recommendations on Research Involving Children of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects … etc. DREW Publication No. (OS) 77-0005

Baum JD

1971a: Retinal artery tortuosity in ex-premature infants. 18-year follow-up on eyes of premature infants. Arch Dis Child 46: 247-252

1971b: Retinal photography in premature infants: forme fruste retrolental fibroplasia. Roy Soc Med (London) 64:777-779

1977: The continuum of caretaking casualty. Dev Med Child Neurol 19:543-544

Bedrossian RH et al.

1954: Retinopathy of prematurity (retrolental fibroplasia) and oxygen. Am J Ophth 37:78- 86

Beecher, HK

1966: Ethics and clinical research. New Engl J Med 274:1354-1360 Belenky DA et al.

1978: Unconvinced by CDP evidence (letter). Pediatrics 61:500-501

Bernard C

1865: An Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine (transl. by HC Greene). Henry Schuman, Inc., New York

Bloxom A

1950: Resuscitation of the newborn infant. Use of the positive pressure oxygen-air lock. J Pediatrics 37:311-319

Bolton DPG and Cross KW

1974: Further observations on cost of preventing retrolental fibroplasia. Lancet 1:445-448

Bostock J

1962: Evolutional approach to infant care. Lancet 1:1033-1035 Boston Interhospital Virus Study Group

1975: Delaying double-blind drug evaluation in usually fatal diseases. (Letter) New Engl J Med 293:509

Briggs JN

1955: A clinical trial of Alevaire in pulmonary distress of the newborn infant. J Pediatrics 46:621-625

Brody H

1973: The systems view of man: Implications for medicine, science and ethics. Perspect Biol Med 17:71-92

Broman S, Nichols PL and Kennedy WA

1975: Preschool I.Q.-Prenatal and Early Developmental Correlates. Erlbaum Assoc., Hillsdale, New Jersey

Bronowski J

1959: The Common Sense of Science. Random House, New York

1977: A Sense of the Future, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA

Budin P

1900: Le Nourisson, Octave Doin, Paris (English transl by WJ Maloney: The Nursling. The Caxton Publ. Co., London, 1907)

Burns LE et al.

1959: Fatal circulatory collapse in premature infants receiving chloramphenicol. New Engl J Med 261:1318-1321

Byar DP et al.

1976: Randomized clinical trials. Perspectives on some recent ideas. New Engl J Med 295:74- 80

Cahn E

1972: Drug experiments and the public conscience, quoted in Katz J.: Experimentation with Human Beings. Russell Sage Foundation, New York

Campbell K

1951: Intensive oxygen therapy as a possible cause of retrolental fibroplasia: A clinical approach. Med J Australia 2:48-50

Campbell FW

1951: The influence of a low atmospheric pressure on the development of the retinal vessels in the rat. Tr Ophth Soc U Kingdom 71:287-300

Cardon PV et al.

1976: Injuries to research subjects: a survey of investigators. New Engl J Med 295:650- 654

Chalmers I

1976: British debate on obstetric practice. Pediatrics 58:308-312

Chalmers TC

1974: The impact of controlled trials on the practice of medicine. Mt Sinai J Med 41:753-758

1975: Randomization: Perils and problems (Letter). New Engl J Med 292:1036-1037

Chapple CC

1938: An incubator for infants. Am J Obstet Gynecol 35:1062-1065

Chard T and Richards M (eds.)

1977: Benefits and Hazards of the New Obstetrics. Spastics Int. Med. Publ., London

Chargaff E

1973: Bitter fruits from the tree of knowledge: Remarks on the current revulsion from science. Perspect Biol Med 16:486-502

1976: Triviality in science: A brief meditation on fashions. Persp Biol Med 19:324-333

Chase JB

1972: Retrolental Fibroplasia and Autistic Symptomatology. American Foundation For Blind, New York

Chu J et al.

1967: Neonatal pulmonary ischemia. Part 1. Clinical and physiological studies. Pediatrics 40:709-782

Clark LC

1956: The control and monitoring of blood and tissue oxygen. Trans Amer Soc Int Org 2:41-48

Clifford SH

1950: Prevention and control of infection in nurseries for premature infants. Am J Dis Child 79:377-383

Cochrane AL

1972: Effectiveness and Efficiency. Random Reflections on Health Services. Nuffield Provincial Hospitals Trust, London

Cogan DG

1963: Development and senescence of human retinal vasculature. Trans Ophth Soc U Kingdom 83:465-489

Coleman J et al.

1957: The diffusion of an innovation among physicians. Sociometry 20:253-270

Collins ET and Mayou MS

1925: Pathology and Bacteriology of the Eye, 2nd Ed. Blakiston’s Sons, Philadelphia


1897: The use of incubators for infants. Lancet 1:1490

Commoner B

1973: The responsibility of science. New York Times, August 12, 1973, p 15

Comroe JH and Dripps RD

1976: Scientific basis for the support of biomedical science. Science 192:105-111

Cross KW

1973: Cost of preventing retrolental fibroplasia? Lancet 2:954-956

Crosse VM

1951: The problem of retrolental fibroplasia in the city of Birmingham. Tr Ophth Soc U Kingdom 71:609-612

Davies DP

1978: The first feed of low birthweight infants: Changing attitudes in the twentieth century. Arch Dis Child 53:187-192

Davies PA

1976: Outlook for the low birthweight baby-then and now. Arch Dis Child 51:817- 819

Day RL et al.

1979: Interpretation of statistical nonsignificance and retrolental fibroplasia. Pediatrics 63:342-343

Denuce J

1857: Note sur quelques faits de practique Chirurgicale. J Med Bordeaux 2:723

Donald I

1954: Augmented respiration: An emergency positive-pressure patient-cycled respirator. Lancet 1:895-899

Dormandy TL

1978: Free-radical oxidation and antioxidants. Lancet 1:647-650

Drillien CM

1961: The incidence of mental and physical handicaps in school-age children of very low birthweight. Pediatrics 27:452-464

1967: The long-term prospects for babies of low birth weight. Hospital Medicine (London) 1:937-944

Dunham E

1957: Evolution of premature infant care. Ann Paediat Fenn 3:170184

Durack DT

1978: The weight of medical knowledge. New Engl J Med 298: 773-775


1974: Retrolental fibroplasia (RLF) unrelated to oxygen therapy. Brit J Ophth 58:487-489

1977: Blind justice. Pediatrics 59:781-782

Eisenberg L

1977: The social imperatives of medical research. Science 198:11051110

Elonen AS and Zwarensteyn SB

1964: Appraisal of developmental lag in certain blind children. J Pediatrics 65:599-610

Erbe RW

1977: Genetic disorders, in Wechsler H et al: Horizons of Health. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA

Evans PJ

1951: Retrolental fibroplasia. Tr Ophth Soc U Kingdom 71:613-616

Exline Jr. AL and Harrington MR

1951: Retrolental fibroplasia; clinical statistics from the premature center of Charity Hospital of Louisiana at New Orleans. J Pediatrics 38:1-7

Feeney L and Berman ER

1976: Oxygen toxicity: Membrane damage by free radicals. Invest Ophthalmology 15:789-792

Feinstein AR

1977: Clinical Biostatistics. Mosby, St Louis, MO

Finberg L

1967: Dangers to infants caused by changes in osmolal concentration. Pediatrics 40:1031-1034

Firth R

1970: Rank and Religion in Tikopia. Beacon Press, Boston, MA

Fisher RA

1925: Statistical Methods for Research Workers. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh

1926: The arrangement of field experiments. J Ministry Agric 33: 503-506

1949: The Design of Experiments, 5th Ed. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh

Flynn JT et al.

1977: Retrolental fibroplasia. 1. Clinical observations. Arch Ophth 95:217-223

Fraiberg S

1977: Insights From the Blind. Basic Books, New York

Frankel LS et al.

1977: Childhood cancer and the Jehovah’s Witness faith. Pediatrics 60:916-921

Freidson E

1972: Profession of Medicine. Dodd, Mead & Co., New York Fried C

1974: Medical Experimentation: Personal Integrity and Social Policy. American Elsevier, New York

Furst L

1887: Ueber Warmervorrichthungen fur zu fruhgeborne oder lebensschwache. Kinder Dtsch Med Wschr 13:772-775

Gaull GE et al.

1977: Milk protein quantity and quality in low-birth-weight infants. III. Effects on sulfur amino acids in plasma and urine. J Pediatrics 90:348-355

Gleiss J

1955: Zum Fruhgeborenenproblem der Gegenwart: IX. Mitteilung. Ober futterungs and umweltbedingte Atemstorungen bei Fruhgeborenen Ztschr Kinderh 76:261-268

Gordon HH and McNamara H

1941: Fat excretion of premature infants. I. Effects on fecal fat of decreasing fat intake. Am J Dis Child 62:328- 345

Gordon HH, Lubchenco L and Hix I

1954a: Observations on the etiology of retrolental fibroplasia. Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp 94:34-44

Gordon HH

1954b: Oxygen administration and retrolental fibroplasia. Editorial Comment. Pediatrics 14:543-546

1957: Oxygen therapy and survival rate in prematures (Letter). Pediatrics 19:967

Graunt J

1662: Natural and Political Observations Made Upon the Bills of Mortality. Edited by Walter Willcox. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1939

Greenwood M

1942-43 Medical statistics from Graunt to Farr. Biometrika 32:101127, 32:203-225 and 33:1-24

Gregory GA et al.

1971: Treatment of the idiopathic respiratory-distress syndrome with continuous positive airway pressure. New Engl J Med 284: 1333-1340

Grove RD and Hetzell AM

1968: Vital Statistics Rates in the United States 1940-1960. PHS Publication No. 1677

Grumbach MM et al.

1959: On the fetal masculinizing action of certain oral progestins. J Clin Endocrinol 19:1369-1380

Guttentag OE

1953: The problem of experimentation on human beings. II. The physician’s point of view. Science 117:207-210

Guy LP et al.

1956: The possibility of total elimination of retrolental fibroplasia by oxygen restriction. Pediatrics 17:247-249

Gyllensten LJ and Hellstrom BE

1952: Retrolental fibroplasia-animal experiments. Acta Paediat 41: 577-582

1956: IV. The effects of gradual and of rapid transfer from concentrated oxygen to normal air on the oxygen induced changes in the eyes of young mice. Am J Ophth 41:619-627

Gyllensten LJ

1959: Influence of oxygen exposure on the postnatal vascularization of the cerebral cortex in mice. Acta Morph Neerl Scand 2: 289-310

Harris M

1977: Cannibals and Kings. Random House, New York

Hatfield EM

1972: Blindness in infants and young children. Sightsav Rev 42: 69-89

1975: Why are they blind? Sightsav Rev 45:3-22

Hauerwas S

1977: Rights, duties, and experimentation in children, in Appendix to Report and Recommendations on Research Involving Children of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects . . . etc. DHEW Publication No. (OS) 77-0005

Heinonen OP

1973: Diethylstilbestrol in pregnancy. Frequency of exposure and usage patterns. Cancer 31:573-577

Heilman L

1976: Scoundrel Time. Little Brown and Co., Boston Hepner Jr. WR

1952: Retrolental fibroplasia in premature infants and in kittens (Abstract). Am J Dis Child 84:748

Hess JH

1922: Premature and Congenitally Diseased Infants. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia

Hess JH et al.

1934a: The Physical and Mental Growth of Prematurely Born Children. University of Chicago Press, Chicago

Hess JH

1934b: Oxygen unit for premature and very young infants. Am J Dis Child 47:916-917

Hill AB

1937: Principles of Medical Statistics. Oxford University Press, New York

1953: The Philosophy of the Clinical Trial. N.I.H. Annual Lectures. PHS Publications No. 388, U.S. Govt. Printing Office, Washington

1962: Statistical Methods in Clinical and Preventive Medicine. Oxford University Press, New York

Hinds MW

1974: Fewer doctors and infant survival (Letter). New Engl J Med 291:741

Hobel CJ et al.

1972: An early versus late treatment of neonatal acidosis in lowbirth-weight infants: Relation to respiratory distress syndrome. J Pediatrics 81:1178-1187

Houlton ACL

1951: A study of cases of retrolental fibroplasia seen in Oxford. Tr Ophth Soc U Kingdom 71:583-590

Huch A, Huch R and Lucey JF (eds)

1979: Continuous Transcutaneous Blood Gas Monitoring. Alan R. Liss, Inc., New York

Huch R, Huch A and Lifters DW

1973: Transcutaneous measurement of blood P02 (TcP02). Method and application in perinatal medicine. J Perinat Med 1:183-191

Hunter RS et al.

1978: Antecedents of child abuse in premature infants: A prospective study in a newborn intensive care unit. Pediatrics 61:629- 635

Hurlin RC

1962: Estimated prevalence of blindness in the United States and in individual states, 1960. Sightsav Rev 32:4-12

Ingalls TH

1948: Congenital encephalo-ophthalmic dysplasia. Pediatrics 1: 315-325

Ingalls TH et al.

1952: Congenital malformations of the eye induced in mice by maternal anoxia. With particular reference to the problem of retrolental fibroplasia in man. Am J Ophth 35:311-329

Insight Team of The Sunday Times of London

1979: Suffer the Children: The Story of Thalidomide. Viking Press, New York

James LS and Lanman JT

1976: History of oxygen therapy and retrolental flbroplasia. Pediatrics 57(Suppl):591-642

Johnson L et al.

1974: The premature infant, vitamin E deficiency and retrolental fibroplasia. Am J Clin Nutr 27:1158-1173

Jonas H

1970: Philosophical reflections on human experimentation, in Freund PA; Experimentation with Human Subjects. Braziller, New York

Jonsen A et al.

1975: Critical issues in newborn intensive care. Pediatrics 55:756768

Jordan TE

1970: Early developmental adversity program (EDAP) #17: A neonatal cohort at forty-two months. Central Midwest Regional Educational Laboratory (CMREL), St Louis

Juhl E et al.

1977: The epidemiology of the gastrointestinal randomized clinical trial. New Engl J Med 296:20-22

Kabat EA

1975: Ethics and the wrong answer (Editorial). Science 189:505

Katz J

1972: Experimentation with Human Beings. Russell Sage Foundation, New York

Kingham JD

1977: Acute retrolental fibroplasia. Arch Ophth 95:39-47

Kinsey VE and Zacharias L

1949: Retrolental fibroplasia: Incidence in different localities in recent years and a correlation of the incidence with treatment given the infants. JAMA 139:572-578

Kinsey VE and Chisholm Jr. JF

1951: Retrolental fibroplasia: Evaluation of several changes in dietary supplements of premature infants with respect to the incidence of the disease. Am J Ophth 34:1259-1268

Kinsey VE

1955: Etiology of retrolental fibroplasia and preliminary report of the Cooperative Study of Retrolental Fibroplasia. Tr Am Acad Ophth Otol 59:15- 24

1956a: Retrolental fibroplasia. Cooperative study of retrolental fibroplasia and the use of oxygen. AMA Arch Ophth 56:481-543

1956b: Caution in oxygen therapy to prevent retrolental fibroplasia (Letter). Pediatrics 18:511

Kinsey VE et al.

1977: Pa02 levels and retrolental fibroplasia. A report of the cooperative study. Pediatrics 60:655-667

Klaus MH and Kennell JH

1976: Maternal-infant Bonding. CV Mosby, St Louis Kluckhohn C et al.

1951: Values and value-orientations in the theory of action. An exploration in definition and classification. In Parsons T and Schills EA: Toward a General Theory of Action. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA

Krause AC

1946: Congenital encephalo-ophthalmic dysplasia. Arch Ophth 36: 387-444

Kushner BJ et al.

1977: Retrolental fibroplasia. II. Pathologic correlation. Arch Ophth 95:29- 38

Lanman JT et al.

1954: Retrolental fibroplasia and oxygen therapy. JAMA 155:223226

Lanman JT

1955: The control of oxygen therapy for premature infants. Health News 32:14-16

Lawless J and Lawless M

1974: Protein requirement (Letter). Lancet 2:947-948

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1976: Determinants of the neonatal mortality. Am J Dis Child 130: 842-845

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1965: Wernher von Braun, in Reprise Record 6179: That Was the Year That Was

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1952: Sur la retinopathic des prematures (fibroplasie retrolentale). Arch Franc Pediat 9:897-915

Levinson HC

1939: The Science of Chance. Rinehart, New York

Lipton EL et al.

1965: Swaddling, child-care practice: Historical, cultural and experimental observations. Pediatrics 35 (Suppl):521-567

Locke JC and Reese AB

1952: Retrolental fibroplasia. The negative role of light, mydriatics, and the ophthalmoscope examination in its etiology. AMA Arch Ophth 48:44-47

Lowenfeld B

1947: The Pre-School Child. American Foundation for the Blind, New York

1959: Observations on incidence and effects of retrolental fibroplasia. New Outlook Blind 53:15-19

1975: The Changing Status of the Blind. Chas C. Thomas, Springfield, IL

MacMahon B and Berlin JE

1977: Health of the United States population, in Wechsler H et al: Horizons of Health. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA

McCormick AQ

1977: Retinopathy of prematurity. Current Probl Pediat 7:3-28

McDonald AD

1962: Neurological and ophthalmic disorders in children of very low birth weight. Brit Med J 1:895-900

McKeown T

1976: The Modern Rise of Population. Academic Press, New York Mahler H

1977: Problems of medical affluence. WHO Chronicle 31:8-13

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1952: Elementary Medical Statistics. WB Saunders, Philadelphia

1960: The use and misuse of statistics in medical publications (Commentary). Clin Pharmacol Therapy 1:411-422

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1928: Development of the Human Eye. Oxford University Press, Cambridge

Medawar PB

1969: Induction and Intuition in Scientific Thought. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia

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1972: The biggest public health experiment ever, in Tanur JM (ed): Statistics: A Guide to the Unknown. Holden-Day, Inc., San Francisco

Meissner FL

1838: Die kinderkrankheiten nach neusten Ansichten and Erfahrungen zum Unterricht fur practische Aertze. List, Leipzig

Menkes JH, Chernick V and Ringel B

1966: Effect of elevated blood tyrosine on subsequent intellectual development of premature infants. J Pediatrics 69:583-588

Meyer TC and Angus J

1956: The effect of large doses of “synkavit” in the newborn. Arch Dis Child 31:212-215

Michaelson IC

1948: Vascular morphogeneis in the retina of the cat. J Anat 82: 167-174

1954: Retinal Circulation in Man and Animals. Chas C. Thomas, Springfield, IL

Miller Jr. JA

1957: Influence of temperature upon resistance to asphyxia, in Johnson FH: Influence of Temperature on Biological Systems. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore

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1955: Prevention of neonatal asphyxia with the use of a rocking resuscitator. Am J Obstet Gynecol 70:1087-1091

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1976: latrogenic Problems in Neonatal Intensive Care. Report of the Sixty-Ninth Conference on Pediatric Research. Ross Laboratories, Columbus, Ohio

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1975: Shifting age-parity distribution of births and the decrease in infant mortality. Am J Public Health 65:359-362

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1946: Program for survival, in Values for Survival. Harcourt, Brace and Co., New York

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1951: North Carolina premature infant program. North Carolina Med J 12:12-18

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1974: Retinopathy of prematurity-a disease of increasing incidence. Tr Ophth Soc U Kingdom 94:251-253

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1973: The Doctor Fox lecture: A paradigm of educational seduction. J Med Educ 48:630-635

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1977: Report and Recommendations: Research Involving Children. DREW No. (OS) 77-0004, Washington

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1977: Vital Statistics of the United States 1973. Vol. 1 DHEW No. HRA 77-113

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1953: Informed understanding (Memorandum). November 17, 1953

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1974: The Formative Years. Oxford University Press, London

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1973: Magnesium sulfate enema in a newborn. Fatal systemic magnesium absorption. JAMA 224:1392-1393

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1948: Retrolental fibroplasia in premature infants. Tr Am Acad Ophth Otol 53:18-41

1949a: Retrolental fibroplasia in premature infants. Am J Ophth 32: 1-21

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1953: Spontaneous regression in retrolental fibroplasia. Tr Am Ophth Soc 51:555-579

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1954: A five-year review of the premature infant program in New York City. NY State J Med 54:3207-3215

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1944: Clinical trial of patulin in the common cold. Lancet 2:373-375

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1952: Studies on the effect of high oxygen administration in retrolental fibroplasia. I. Nursery observations. Am J Ophth 35: 1248-1253

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1953: Oxygen studies in retrolental fibroplasia. II. The production of the microscopic changes of retrolental fibroplasia in experimental animals. Am J Ophth 36:1511-1522

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1955: Experimental studies, in Symposium on retrolental fibroplasia. Tr Am Acad Ophth 59:25- 34

1957a: The role of oxygen in retrolental fibroplasia. Pediatrics 19: 504-524

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1978: Popper’s fallibilism. Et Cetera 35:3-19

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1977: The role of tocopherol in oxygen-induced retinopathy: Kitten model. Pediatrics 59(Suppl):998-1005

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1978: Cost of living for infants weighing 1000 grams or less at birth. Pediatrics 61:908-910

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1953: New techniques of humidification in pediatrics. JAMA 151: 707-711

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1949: Persistence and hyperplasia of primary vitreous; retrolental fibroplasia-two entities. Arch Ophth 41:527-549

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1951: Retrolental fibroplasia. Am J Ophth 34:1-24

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1956: A controlled study of the use of the Bloxom air lock. Pediatrics 18:918-927

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1952: Retrolental fibroplasia, a clinicopathologic study. Am J Ophth 35:329- 342

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1955: Controlled clinical trial of effects of Alevaire mist on premature infants. JAMA 157:1093-1096

1956a: A controlled clinical trial of effects of water mist on obstructive respiratory signs, death rate and necropsy findings among premature infants. Pediatrics 17:1-10

1956b: A difference in mortality rate and incidence of kernicterus among premature infants allotted to two prophylactic antibacterial regimens. Pediatrics 18:614-625

1958: The influence of the thermal environment upon the survival of newly born premature infants. Pediatrics 22:876-886

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1966: Informed consent. Pediatrics 38:373-374

1968: Oxygen therapy and retrolental fibroplasia. Sightsav Rev 38: 131-134

1969: Prematurity and retrolental fibroplasia. Sightsav Rev 39:4246

1977: The lesson of retrolental fibroplasia. Scientific American 236 (No. 6):100-107

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1942: Adjustment of blood oxygen levels in neonatal life. Am J Dis Child 64:843- 859

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1949: Adjustment of electrolytes and water following premature birth (with special reference to edema). Pediatrics 3:34-48

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1957: Reasons for delaying the feedings of premature infants. Ann Paediat Fenn 3:261-272

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1978: Clinical evaluation of Laetrile: Two perspectives. New Engl J Med 298:216-219

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1975: Potential genetic effects of phototherapy for neonatal jaundice. Proc Am Assoc Cancer Res 16:16

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1955: Mystery of the blinded babies. Saturday Evening Post June 11, 1955

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1978: New childbirth technology: A clash of values. Hastings Center Report XX:9-12

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1953: Some effects of exogenous thyroid or thyroxin upon premature infants. Pediatrics 12:263-271

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1978: The anomaly that wouldn’t go away. Lancet 2:1153

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